The ancient city of Bagan was the political, economic, and cultural center of the Bagan Kingdom from approximately 1044 to 1287 CE. The rulers of Bagan oversaw the construction of over 5,000 religious monuments over an area covering about 65 square kilometers on the Bagan plains. More than 2,000 of the original structures have survived in varying states of repair until the present and can be found in the Bagan Archaeological Zone.
Working with the National Park Service, CyArk used terrestrial photogrammetry, laser scanning, and the National Park Service’s law enforcement helicopter to document the exterior of the Jefferson Memorial.
Just as the monument and the surrounding landscape have changed since its initial construction, our understanding of the complexities of Thomas Jefferson as a person and president has transformed as well. Today, the National Mall, where the memorial resides, is a place of reflection and activism. It is a space where people come to negotiate and reinterpret the foundations of American democracy that remain integral to Thomas Jefferson’s legacy.
Founded in 1350 CE, Ayutthaya was the Kingdom of Thailand’s capital until the 18th century. Ayutthaya developed into a booming city and was very influential in the urban planning and design of the current capital city of Bangkok in Thailand. The site is home to Buddhist temples that feature a wide variety of religious art and artifacts from the 14th to 18th centuries.
Chavín de Huántar is a major pre-Inca ceremonial site in the Peruvian Andes. Its strategic position between the eastern and western Andean highlands on an access route to the amazonian jungle allowed the site to amass influence and it is believed to be the center of what archaeologists call the Chavin civilization. The site was first inhabited around 1500 BCE. It has massive temple structures with significant subterranean cave-like galleries, pyramidal platforms, courts, and sunken plazas. Recent research has shown that the subterranean galleries may have been used to project large sounds, like those that could be obtained from the numerous elaborately carved conch shells found onsite. The effect undoubtedly would have created a mystical experience for the pilgrims and travelers visiting the site.
While Fort York marks the birthplace of modern-day Toronto, Canada, just over 200 years ago the Fort was a territory of British North America. Just a decade after the Revolutionary War, the United States, and Britain became embroiled in further tensions resulting in the War of 1812. Fort York, on the shores of Lake Ontario, became the site of a consequential battle in the conflict. British, Canadian, Mississauga, and Ojibway troops defended the fort against 2,700 American soldiers in April 1813. The city of York would remain in the hands of the British at the end of the war, but Fort York’s landscape, marked with original buildings from the war of 1812, remains an important place for understanding colonial influence on the formation of Ontario as a province and Canada as a nation.